Gingivitis and periodontal disease occur when bacteria from plaque grows on your gum tissue, either above or below the gum line. Accumulating bacteria can cause serious inflammation, which makes the pockets between your gums and teeth deeper and more inflamed as the amount of bacteria increases. This can lead to the gums and bone tissue deteriorating until you begin to lose teeth.
This bacteria and infection can also get into your bloodstream. Gum disease is linked to a higher risk of heart attacks, strokes, and premature births. If you have diabetes, you risk a vicious circle of problems, since gum disease makes it harder to control your blood sugars, and high blood sugar levels can lead to inflammation and bacteria in your gums.
At the dental office of Dr. Heather Petroff, we use sonic and ultrasonic scalers, such as the Cavitron, to remove plaque and calculus from your teeth. We also use a Prophy Jet air polisher that uses water and baking soda to help clear stains from your teeth.